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Workshop “The Policy of Cultural Rights: Socio-legal Perspectives on Cultural Diversity”

Tenemos el gusto de compartirles la información sobre el workshop “The Policy of Cultural Rights: Socio-legal Perspectives on Cultural Diversity” que organiza nuestra compañera Lucero Ibarra Rojas (Emancipaciones-CIDE) con Miren Manias (UPV-University of Edinburgh).

Este workshop forma parte del programa para 2017 de workshops del Instituto Internacional de Sociología Jurídica de Oñati (IISJ) e inicia el día de hoy con la proyección de la película Loreak (21:30 Kultur Etexea – Oñati) y los comentarios de Aitor Arregi, guionista de la película.

Durante los siguientes dos días discusiones participarán: Gary Wihl (Washington University), Lucia Belluci (Universita degli Studi di Milano), Ihintza Palacin Mariscal (European University Institute), Trevor Purvis (Carleton University), John Brigham (University of Massachusetts), Fanny Montes (Universidad de País Vasco), Danielle N. Boaz (University of North Carolina), Richard Mohr (University of Sidney), Laikwan Pang (Chinese University of Hong Kong), Lucero Ibarra Rojas (Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas), Ezequiel Escobedo Osorio (Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas), Marian Bredin (Brock University), Vicente Rodríguez Ortega (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid), Miren Manias (Universidad de País Vasco – University of Edinburgh), Ekain Muñoz (Eltzia) y Mirari Sagarzazu (Eltzia)

Finalmente se realizará una visita al edificio de ELTZIA, un proyecto comunitario que se desarrolla de la mano de diversos colectivos artísticos con el Ayuntamiento de Oñati.

The workshop “The policy of cultural rights: socio-legal perspectives on cultural diversity” aims to open a place of interaction for socio-legal scholars who wish to share work that deals with how the state and law influence the possibilities of development for different cultures in diverse societies. Due to its social and economic contribution the cultural production is a relevant matter for governments. On the one hand, cultural goods play a core role in social cohesion, strengthening commonly held values and territorial identity as well as being able to spread out knowledge through the community. So, in the first place, culture constitutes a source of unity and identification enabling citizens the sense of belonging to their own nation. However, even if the cultural production is an expression of meanings from local content and point of view, it is also connected and influenced by the current global context. On the other hand, creativity depends on the value of use; on the level of its demand and industrial activity where money becomes the exchange value. Considering that there are evidences of the sectors’ positive impact to the local economy, this contribution of culture should also be measured. Given its centrality, it is not surprising that culture is also present in the language of rights. Cultural rights refer to the rights of production, consumption and access that people have to the world’s creative industry (UNESCO, 2005). For that reason, it is important to not understand individuals simply as consumers of cultural goods but rather as producers and participants of the cultural system; while distribution companies as means of carrying cultural goods to the audience. In this context, the state and public institutions become the main regulation bodies for the whole production, distribution and exhibition process of culture. This would involve accomplishing the principle of diversity and establishing spaces for its visibility, promotion as well as access to it through specific means of distribution. However, decision-making in this field also falls to education providers, regional and local authorities, employers” organizations, trade unions and the media. Therefore, wh at is the role of law, particularly of public policies and cultural regulation, in guaranteeing cultural diversity? In the context of diverse societies, this becomes a central issue to the concerns of democratic states. The notion of cultural unity inside a single state has often led to attempts of constructing a homogeneous cultural landscape while erasing internal cultural differences. However, many cultures have coped with attempts of eradication and now the paradigm in several states has turned into a view which formally aims for “rescuing” and promoting cultural diversity. Thereby, it is necessary to stress here that the cultural production strongly depends on a particular socio-political context and regulation. While the development of cultures is not entirely dependent on state sponsorship, the processes carried through the state are central to understand the interactions of different cultures. State promotion or limitation of certain cultural expressions can indeed make for an environment where some cultures are deemed more legitimate than others. This has also been recognized internationa lly by the 2005 UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions. Cultural policy is now to be judged as it is able to overcome discrimination of minority cultures in democratic states. The workshop proposed is structured in two wide sections, one each day, with a general link: one on conflicts arising in diverse societies; and another one on different strategies that are implemented in those societies to potentiate and guarantee the right to cultural diversity. Following this arrangement, we have decided to begin the workshop with two papers which set the tone for the discussion of culture within the realms of the law, followed by papers that present different cases in which diversity enters into conflict within social processes and regulation. This section places cultural struggles within political action and in the discussion over the meaning and permissibility of diversity in different institutional settings. The following day and section explores the field of possibility through the analysis of strategies that have been used by different actors to give a space to diversity. This section offers reflections regarding heritage and the media, but also on less suspe cted influences such as the environment; and it portrays the different ways in which state institutions and actors negotiate collaborations in the context of diverse societies. The day and workshop end with a visit to the ELTZIA building, where a project of cultural promotion in Oñati, which will be presented in the context of the workshop, is carried.

Mayor información se puede encontrar aquí.

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Pronunciamiento del Colectivo Emancipaciones en torno a la lucha de las comunidades indígenas en Michoacán por la administración directa de la parte proporcional de los presupuestos municipales que les corresponden

El activismo que hemos desarrollado en el Colectivo Emancipaciones ha partido siempre de una posición política comprometida con movimientos sociales progresistas, y desde el acompañamiento judicial de procesos sociales en donde la defensa de los derechos humanos sea relevante.

En este tenor, desde 2011 nos hemos comprometido con la lucha antipartidista de los pueblos indígenas por hacer efectivo su derecho a la libre determinación, autonomía y autogobierno, especialmente a partir del movimiento del hoy Municipio Purépecha de Cherán. Por su parte, en 2016 llevamos junto con la comunidad de San Francisco Pichátaro el primer juicio a nivel nacional en el que se ganó el derecho de las comunidades indígenas a recibir y administrar directamente la parte proporcional del presupuesto municipal que les corresponde, ante la Sala Superior del Tribunal Electoral del Poder Judicial de la Federación. En 2017 llevamos también los casos de San Felipe de los Herreros y Santa Fe de la Laguna con la misma demanda, y hoy en los dos asuntos tenemos sentencias que nos dan la razón.

Desde luego estos precedentes abren una posibilidad real para las comunidades de ejercer plenamente su derecho a la libre determinación, autonomía y autogobierno, y por lo tanto particularmente el tema de la administración directa de las comunidades indígenas respecto del presupuesto público que les corresponde, está siendo discutido y analizado públicamente por distintas organizaciones indígenas y políticas.

Al respecto, quienes integramos el Colectivo Emancipaciones queremos aclarar que si bien nosotros mismos estamos comprometidos con esta lucha como hemos demostrado, nuestro trato siempre ha sido únicamente con las comunidades para las que hemos ganado estos juicios. El Colectivo Emancipaciones no pertenece ni trabaja junto con estas otras organizaciones indígenas y políticas que se están involucrando en el tema de la asignación de presupuesto municipal a las comunidades para su administración directa, como es el caso del Consejo Supremo Indígena de Michoacán, ni lo hemos hecho en ninguno de los procesos judiciales que hemos llevado y como producto de los cuales se han sentado los precedentes para que las comunidades indígenas puedan ejercer estos derechos.

En el Colectivo Emancipaciones seguimos comprometidos con la lucha de las comunidades y pueblos indígenas por el ejercicio pleno de sus derechos.

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