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Workshop “The Policy of Cultural Rights: Socio-legal Perspectives on Cultural Diversity”

Tenemos el gusto de compartirles la información sobre el workshop “The Policy of Cultural Rights: Socio-legal Perspectives on Cultural Diversity” que organiza nuestra compañera Lucero Ibarra Rojas (Emancipaciones-CIDE) con Miren Manias (UPV-University of Edinburgh).

Este workshop forma parte del programa para 2017 de workshops del Instituto Internacional de Sociología Jurídica de Oñati (IISJ) e inicia el día de hoy con la proyección de la película Loreak (21:30 Kultur Etexea – Oñati) y los comentarios de Aitor Arregi, guionista de la película.

Durante los siguientes dos días discusiones participarán: Gary Wihl (Washington University), Lucia Belluci (Universita degli Studi di Milano), Ihintza Palacin Mariscal (European University Institute), Trevor Purvis (Carleton University), John Brigham (University of Massachusetts), Fanny Montes (Universidad de País Vasco), Danielle N. Boaz (University of North Carolina), Richard Mohr (University of Sidney), Laikwan Pang (Chinese University of Hong Kong), Lucero Ibarra Rojas (Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas), Ezequiel Escobedo Osorio (Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas), Marian Bredin (Brock University), Vicente Rodríguez Ortega (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid), Miren Manias (Universidad de País Vasco – University of Edinburgh), Ekain Muñoz (Eltzia) y Mirari Sagarzazu (Eltzia)

Finalmente se realizará una visita al edificio de ELTZIA, un proyecto comunitario que se desarrolla de la mano de diversos colectivos artísticos con el Ayuntamiento de Oñati.

The workshop “The policy of cultural rights: socio-legal perspectives on cultural diversity” aims to open a place of interaction for socio-legal scholars who wish to share work that deals with how the state and law influence the possibilities of development for different cultures in diverse societies. Due to its social and economic contribution the cultural production is a relevant matter for governments. On the one hand, cultural goods play a core role in social cohesion, strengthening commonly held values and territorial identity as well as being able to spread out knowledge through the community. So, in the first place, culture constitutes a source of unity and identification enabling citizens the sense of belonging to their own nation. However, even if the cultural production is an expression of meanings from local content and point of view, it is also connected and influenced by the current global context. On the other hand, creativity depends on the value of use; on the level of its demand and industrial activity where money becomes the exchange value. Considering that there are evidences of the sectors’ positive impact to the local economy, this contribution of culture should also be measured. Given its centrality, it is not surprising that culture is also present in the language of rights. Cultural rights refer to the rights of production, consumption and access that people have to the world’s creative industry (UNESCO, 2005). For that reason, it is important to not understand individuals simply as consumers of cultural goods but rather as producers and participants of the cultural system; while distribution companies as means of carrying cultural goods to the audience. In this context, the state and public institutions become the main regulation bodies for the whole production, distribution and exhibition process of culture. This would involve accomplishing the principle of diversity and establishing spaces for its visibility, promotion as well as access to it through specific means of distribution. However, decision-making in this field also falls to education providers, regional and local authorities, employers” organizations, trade unions and the media. Therefore, wh at is the role of law, particularly of public policies and cultural regulation, in guaranteeing cultural diversity? In the context of diverse societies, this becomes a central issue to the concerns of democratic states. The notion of cultural unity inside a single state has often led to attempts of constructing a homogeneous cultural landscape while erasing internal cultural differences. However, many cultures have coped with attempts of eradication and now the paradigm in several states has turned into a view which formally aims for “rescuing” and promoting cultural diversity. Thereby, it is necessary to stress here that the cultural production strongly depends on a particular socio-political context and regulation. While the development of cultures is not entirely dependent on state sponsorship, the processes carried through the state are central to understand the interactions of different cultures. State promotion or limitation of certain cultural expressions can indeed make for an environment where some cultures are deemed more legitimate than others. This has also been recognized internationa lly by the 2005 UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions. Cultural policy is now to be judged as it is able to overcome discrimination of minority cultures in democratic states. The workshop proposed is structured in two wide sections, one each day, with a general link: one on conflicts arising in diverse societies; and another one on different strategies that are implemented in those societies to potentiate and guarantee the right to cultural diversity. Following this arrangement, we have decided to begin the workshop with two papers which set the tone for the discussion of culture within the realms of the law, followed by papers that present different cases in which diversity enters into conflict within social processes and regulation. This section places cultural struggles within political action and in the discussion over the meaning and permissibility of diversity in different institutional settings. The following day and section explores the field of possibility through the analysis of strategies that have been used by different actors to give a space to diversity. This section offers reflections regarding heritage and the media, but also on less suspe cted influences such as the environment; and it portrays the different ways in which state institutions and actors negotiate collaborations in the context of diverse societies. The day and workshop end with a visit to the ELTZIA building, where a project of cultural promotion in Oñati, which will be presented in the context of the workshop, is carried.

Mayor información se puede encontrar aquí.

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Workshop Proposal – “The Policy of Cultural Rights: Socio-Legal Perspectives on Cultural Diversity”

Queremos compartir la invitación para participar en la propuesta de workshop “The Policy of Cultural Rights: Socio-Legal Perspectives on Cultural Diversity”, que se presentará para la convocatoria del Instituto Internacional de Sociología Jurídica de Oñati (IISJ).

La propuesta es presentada por Miren Manias Muñoz (miren.manias@gmail.com) y Lucero Ibarra Rojas (luceroibarrarojas@gmail.com), integrante de este Colectivo Emancipaciones.

Due to its social and economic contribution the cultural production is a relevant matter for governments. On the one hand, cultural goods play a core role in social cohesion, strengthening commonly held values and territorial identity as well as being able to spread out knowledge through the community. So, in the first place, culture constitutes a source of unity and identification enabling citizens the sense of belonging to their own nation. However, even if the cultural production is an expression of meanings from local content and point of view, it is also connected and influenced by the current global context. oñatiOn the other hand, creativity depends on the value of use; on the level of its demand and industrial activity where money becomes the exchange value. Considering that there are evidences of the sectors’ positive impact to the local economy, this contribution of culture should also be measured.

Given its centrality, it is not surprising that culture is also present in the language of rights. Cultural rights refer to the rights of production, consumption and access that people have to the world’s creative industry (UNESCO, 2005). For that reason, it is important to not understand individuals simply as consumers of cultural goods but rather as producers and participants of the cultural system; while distribution companies as means of carrying cultural goods to the audience. In this context, the state and public institutions become the main regulation bodies for the whole production, distribution and exhibition process of culture. This would involve accomplishing the principle of diversity and establishing spaces for its visibility, promotion as well as access to it through specific means of distribution. However, decision-making in this field also falls to education providers, regional and local authorities, employers’ organizations, trade unions and the media. Therefore, what is the role of law, particularly of public policies and cultural regulation, in guaranteeing the cultural diversity?

In the context of diverse societies, this becomes a central issue to the concerns of democratic states. The notion of cultural unity inside a single state has often led to the attempts of constructing a homogeneous cultural landscape while erasing internal cultural differences. However, many cultures have coped with attempts of eradication and now the paradigm in several states has turned into a view which formally aims “rescuing” and promoting the cultural diversity. Thereby, it is necessary to stress here that the cultural production strongly depends on a particular sociopolitical context and regulation. While the development of cultures is not entirely dependent on state sponsorship, the processes carried through the state are central to understand the interactions of different cultures. State promotion or limitation of certain cultural expressions can indeed make for an environment where some cultures are deemed more legitimate than others. This has also been recognized internationally by the 2005 UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions. Cultural policy is now to be judged as it is able to overcome discrimination of minority cultures in democratic states.

Although it is recognized that law’s possibilities strongly depend on the public policies that it enables, socio-legal scholars tend to focus on the processes that are directly carried through the judiciary. The workshop aims to highlight the challenges that remain for the states that intend to overcome traditions that have placed certain cultures over the others, in a context in which the correspondence between a nation and a state is no longer deemed the only possible configuration of a state.

There is often a link missing between the abstract legal norms that guaranty cultural rights and the experiences and possibilities people have to instrumentalize them. This link is the cultural policy and needs to be analyzed in its proposals and actors to evaluate which instrumentalization of law means. It is through cultural policy that content funding, production and promotion in general is handled, and this shapes people’s practice of cultural rights. When this link between rights and reality is not taken into consideration, the processes that determine the continuity of a culture become invisible.

This workshop seeks to explore cases that present different aspects of cultural policies in the context of diverse societies integrating a state. Papers are welcome on the following themes (but not limited):

  • Cultural industries: economy and nation building (identity, language, resistance…).
  • The media and the arts: the possibilities for diversity in a global context.
  • Cultural governance and intellectual property: law mechanisms and the role of the public agents as cultural sponsors.
  • The protection of local/small cultures without institutional recognition.

Las personas interesadas en participar deberán enviar a las organizadoras su propuesta de título, abstract y una breve biografía antes del 8 de enero de 2016.

Mayor información se puede encontrar aquí.

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Emancipaciones. Colectivo de Estudios de Teoría Crítica de Derecho y Humanidades

logo_seminario_regularDesde el 13 de mayo hasta el 14 de junio de 2013 el Seminario de Derecho y Humanidades celebró su Segundo Aniversario. Fue un mes de celebración, pero también de recuentos y de transiciones para un espacio, integrado jóvenes investigadores en áreas de tendencia interdisciplinaria, que a partir de ahora se conformará como “Emancipaciones. Colectivo de Estudios de Teoría Crítica de Derecho y Humanidades”.

cropped-emancipaciones4.jpgLos eventos de este aniversario fueron sumamente representativos de la tendencia crítica y la participación en procesos sociales que caracterizó el actuar del seminario. Se exploraron, por ejemplo, los procesos de judicialización de movimientos sociales: primero en una mesa redonda en la que las abogadas de los movimientos indígenas de Wirikuta, Aquila y Cherán conversaron sobre los procesos de judicialización de los que han sido parte; y luego, en la conferencia de la Dra. Rachel Sieder sobre “La judicialización de la política en América Latina”. Asimismo, se discutieron distintas posiciones alternativas frente al derecho del Estado: primero en la presentación del documental “Dos justicias: interlegalidad e interculturalidad en Guatemala”, por el Dr. Carlos Yuri Flores, a quien además tuvimos el gusto de tener en Morelia para comentar su trabajo; y más tarde mediante la discusión de la estrategia de ruptura presentada en el documental “El abogado del terror” de Barbet Schroeder, sobre la vida de Jacques Vergès En estos eventos se puso a discusión la manera en la que las resistencias se pueden entender a través y más allá del derecho y las instituciones estatales.

Pero quizá los eventos más significativos para quienes formamos parte de este Colectivo, y también de la comunidad académica de la División de Estudios de Posgrado de la Facultad de Derecho y Ciencias Sociales de la UMSNH, fueron las mesas que integraron el panel “Interdisciplinariedad en la Investigación del Derecho: Argüir desde el Autoestudio”, en las que participaron estudiantes y graduados, principalmente de la terminal de Humanidades, pero también de otras terminales y áreas dentro de la misma institución. La excelente respuesta a la convocatoria logró no solamente que casi se triplicarán las presentaciones del año pasado, sino que también nos permitió, a todas las personas que nos involucramos con este proyecto, la construcción de un espacio de socialización y aprendizaje sobre una diversidad de temas como la cultura, la violencia, la educación, la interdisciplinariedad, etc.

Finalmente, los integrantes del ahora Colectivo Emancipaciones (con apoyo de personas externas) hicimos una donación a la Biblioteca de la División de Estudios de Posgrado de la Facultad de Derecho y Ciencias Sociales de la UMSNH. El acervo que integrará el “Fondo Emancipaciones” consta de 44 libros (cuyo valor asciende a más de diez mil pesos mexicanos), que incluye títulos relevantes especialmente para el programa de la terminal de humanidades. Con esta donación, el Colectivo pretende cooperar en el crecimiento de una institución de educación pública cuya labor ha sido y seguirá siendo fundamental para la sociedad mexicana. Agradecemos a todas las personas que fueron parte de esta donación: Adriana Romero Beltrán, Alejandra González Hernández, Beatriz Esquivel Contreras, Carlos Yuri Flores Arenales, Cristina Deyanira Marín Torres, Erika Bárcena Arévalo, Esther Cizniega Ceja, F. Orlando Aragón Andrade, Iran Guerrero Andrade, Julio Martínez Reyes, Lorena Higareda Magaña, Lucero Ibarra Rojas, Mariana Izquierdo Guzmán, Mariana Manzo, Maribel Rosas García, Marycarmen Color Vargas, Mayra Graciela Rios Moreno, Rachel Sieder, Socorro Hernández Cruz, Ulises Julio Fierro Alonso, Verónica Aguilar León y Víctor Alfonzo Zertuche Cobos.

Otro agradecimiento especial merecen las personas que participaron activamente de la organización de los eventos del segundo aniversario: Adriana Romero Beltrán, Alejandra González Hernández, Cristina Deyanira Marín Torres, Erika Bárcena Arévalo, F. Orlando Aragón Andrade, Iran Guerrero Andrade, Julio Martínez Reyes, Lucero Ibarra Rojas, Maribel Rosas García, Moisés Coca Sánchez, Omar Becerra Moreno y Víctor Alfonzo Zertuche Cobos.

El Seminario de Derecho y Humanidades ha sido el espacio que durante dos años nos ha permitido involucrarnos en la revisión de proyectos de investigación, algunos de sus integrantes han participado activamente en la lucha de la comunidad de Cherán por su derecho a la autonomía, y se han creado espacios académicos de convivencia y discusión. En estos años también hemos hecho vínculos con la Red de Sociología Jurídica en América Latina y el Caribe y con el Seminario Permanente Usos del Derecho Crítico de CIESAS. En este momento de nuevos nombres y quizá nuevas oportunidades, me parece importante agradecer a su coordinador, F. Orlando Aragón Andrade, por su trabajo, su iniciativa y su amistad; pero este mismo agradecimiento debe ser extendido también a todas las personas que han hecho y continúan haciendo este espacio una verdadera posibilidad para quienes, por alguna razón, creemos que las cosas pueden ser diferentes.

Por: Lucero Ibarra Rojas

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